South Central Asia


Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and adjacent central Asian countries.


56 species in the region: 20 pheasants, 31 partridges, quail, snowcock, spurfowl, 4 grouse and 1 megapode.

Habitat and Distribution

The species in this region fall into two ecological groups, those of the Himalayan forest, and those of more open habitats in the plains both to the south of this range and Central Asia. Most of the pheasants are found in the forests of the Himalayas and are of conservation concern. The majority of the partridges, quail, snowcock and spurfowl live in open areas and have large distributions. Many protected areas in the plains of India contain up to eight such species.


The Himalayas are under threat from deforestation and this results in the remaining patches of habitat becoming more accessible for hunters. Some hunting has very traditional roots, however the decreasing size of forest patches means that it is likely to become an ever-increasing problem for wild populations. 

Examples of our work in the region

Palas Valley - Northern Pakistan
Grassroots Action - Northern India
Key areas for the conservation of Galliformes - NW India