Grassroots Action - Northern India

Sarmoli-Jainti is situated in the Western Himalayan state of Uttarakhand in northern India, and is the site of a grassroots action project that has been mobilised to promote the conservation of Galliformes and their habitatsThe project area covers 20km2 and includes the joint Village Forest of Sarmoli and Jainti villages, and a major portion of the Khalia Reserve Forest Block. Twelve villages have the right to graze an unlimited number of livestock, and to collect deadwood for fuel and leaf-litter for compost in the Reserve Forest. The area contains a high diversity of plant-life, and is home to ten species of Galliforme.

Project commenced: 2004

Partners: WPA India, Sarmoli-Janti Panchayat (Village Forest Council) and Ministry of Environment and Forests (Government of India)


  • develop a sounds management strategy and facilitate action to conserve the rich diversity of Galliformes.
  • involve various parts of the local community and the Forest Department in concerted action.
  • create an understanding of habitat loss and disturbance, raise awareness of causes, and build a conservation constituency.

The Forest Department have supported the project by providing a grant for nature interpretation activities and community-tourism development. The long-term success of the project depends on the local community obtaining benefits from their conservation actions.

Conservation actions

  • community enforced ban on hunting for a trial period of three years
  • protecting roosting sites and creating protected corridors
  • Home-stay arrangements where local families provide bed and breakfast for tourists
  • a school outreach programme to increase awareness of Galliforme conservation

Key species

Satyr tragopan Tragopan satyra
Koklass pheasant Pucrasia macrolopha
Himalayan monal Lophophorus impejanus
Cheer pheasant Catreus wallichii
Kalij pheasant Lophura leucomelanos
Himalayan snowcock Tetraugallus himalayensis
Snow partridge Lerwa lerwa
Chukar Alectoris chukar
Common hill-partridge Arborophila torqueloa
Black francolin Francolinus francolinus